تصفح برقم المجلد > Group 1 > Volume 3: `Aqidah (3) > Bid`ahs during the `Eid > Comparison between celebrating the Mawlid and performing Da`wah programs for weeks and the National Day

Fatwa no. 9403
Q: I am an Imam in one of the Masjids (mosques) in Jeddah. I delivered a Khutbah (sermon) concerning the mission of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and I mentioned that celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet's birthday) is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion). The following week, the Khutbah was about the Masjids (mosques). I talked about maintaining Masjids and carpeting them. I based my argument and viewpoint upon the Qur'an and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah. After finishing the prayer, one of the worshippers came and said to me: "Shaykh, you said last week that celebrating the Mawlid of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is a Bid`ah. Can I ask you a question?"
(Part No. 3; Page No. 87)
I said: "Yes, you can. I will answer your question to the best of my knowledge." He said: "What is the legal ruling on celebrating the Mawlid of the Prophet (peace be upon him), children' birthdays, Mother's Day, the Week of the Tree, the Week of the Traffic, the National Day of the Kingdom and the Week of the Masjids? Are all these festivals Bid`ahs? Why do you oppose celebrating the Mawlid of the Prophet (peace be upon him) though he is the best out of all the creatures and he is the worthiest of glorification and veneration, and at the same time permit other celebrations? Moreover, you, Saudis, encourage these festivals."
I pointed out to him that what is meant by the Week of Masjids is to urge Muslims to maintain and take care of them. He said to me: "Look at the streets, you will find Ayahs of the Qur'an written on paper and clothes torn by wind thrown in streets and in unclean places. Is that permissible, especially in the Week of Masjids?" He gave me a piece of cloth and said: "Look Shaykh at this piece of cloth wherein is the saying of Allah: The Mosques of Allâh shall be maintained only by those who believe in Allâh and the Last Day This piece of cloth is thrown in the garden and upon which rubbish is thrown. To Allah we belong and unto Him is our return." These are the words of this person. I took this piece of cloth and washed it, and then I burnt it.
He added: "Shaykh, I do not want anything, but to make you; Khatibs (preachers)
(Part No. 3; Page No. 88)
and those whose words reach people talk. But you Saudi Khatibs do not talk. If the government says that this is unlawful, you will say that it is unlawful, and if it says that this is lawful, you will say that it is lawful. You are the first one to tell me that this is good and doing so encourages Muslims to do good. I will not accept your saying except with a legal Fatwa from senior scholars. You should not forget, Shaykh, that he who is silent with regard to spreading the truth is similar to a mute devil."
Therefore, I would like to have a detailed legal Fatwa with regard to the festivals mentioned above along with mentioning the proof for every subject. May Allah protect you.
A: Firstly: `Eid (festival) means in Arabic gatherings that Ta'ud (comes again) on a habitual manner. It may come again in a year, a month, or a week. Therefore, the word 'Eid means a day that comes again like `Eid-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast) or Friday, the gathering on that day and the acts done as acts of worship or habits on that day.
Secondly: Anything that is meant to worship Allah, seek to be closer to Him to get reward through doing so or any thing meant to be similar to disbelievers and the like is a Bid`ah that is included in the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): "He who innovates things in our affairs for which there is no valid (reason) (commits sin) and these are to be rejected." This Hadith was reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim. Celebrating the Prophet's Mawlid, Mother's Day, and National Day fall into this category.
(Part No. 3; Page No. 89)
The first one includes an act of worship that was not legislated by Allah. Moreover, it contains similarity to the Christians and other disbelievers. The second and the third are prohibited as it is imitating disbelievers. Whatever is in the interest of the Ummah (nation) and arranging its affairs as the Week of the Traffic, arranging the times of studying, holding meetings with employees to arrange work and the like are not acts of worship, they are of the innovated habits that are not included in the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): "He who innovates things in our affairs for which there is no valid (reason) (commits sin) and these are to be rejected." Then, there will be no blame for doing so.
May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta`

Deputy Chairman Chairman
`Abdul-Razzaq `Afify `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz



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