`Abdul-Razzaq ibn `Afify ibn `Atiyyah
ibn `Afify ibn `Atiyyah was born in Shanshur, Ashmoun Center, Al-Munufiyyah
Governorate in 1323 A.H.
elementary, preparatory, and secondary school, Shaykh `Abdul-Razzaq gained his Master's degree
in 1351 A.H. and his Ph.D. in Jurisprudence and its Principles from Al-Azhar University in Cairo.
He was appointed as a teacher in the Educational Institute
of Al-Azhar. He was then seconded to the Saudi Ministry of Education as a
teacher in 1368 A.H., corresponding to 1949 A.D. He was then appointed as a
teacher at the Dar at-Tawhid in Ta'if. In 1370 A.H., he was transferred to
the Educational Institute in `Unayzah in Muharram. He was
then transferred to Riyadh towards the end of Shawwal in 1370 A.H. to
teach at the Educational Institute of His Eminence Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ibrahim
Al Al-Shaykh. He was transferred to teach in the faculties
of Shari`ah and Linguistics, and in 1385 A.D. was appointed as the Principal of
the High Judicial Institute. He was transferred to the General
Presidency of the Departments of Scholarly Research, Ifta', Da`wah, and
Guidance in 1391 A.H. He was subsequently appointed as both Deputy Chairman of
the Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta' and as a member of the
Council of Senior Scholars in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Allah endowed him with the gift of strong memory,
observation, and understanding of oneself. He dedicated his efforts to seeking
knowledge outside Al-Azhar University and attached great importance to the linguistics,
exegesis, principles of jurisprudence, beliefs, and Sunnah. Such was his
knowledge, that if someone was to speak to him about any of these subjects,
then the listener would think he was a specialist in the field spending all his
time on it.
He paid special attention to studying the conditions of the
different sects. This made the students of knowledge approach and listen to him
all the time, and many people benefitted from his knowledge. He also supervised
the theses of the postgraduate students, took part in the committees discussing
the theses, gave lessons to the students of knowledge in the mosques, gave lectures,
and took part in the work of the Da`wah centers at the time of Hajj.