Eminence Shaykh `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn `Abdul-Rahman
ibn Muhammad ibn `Abdullah Al Baz
Shaykh `Abdul-`Aziz ibn Baz was born in
1330 A.H. in Dhul-Hijjah, in Riyadh. He enjoyed normal eyesight until
his eyes were inflicted with a disease in 1346 A.H. This weakened his eyesight,
which he later lost in 1350 A.H.
His Seeking of Knowledge:
Ibn Baz memorized the whole Ever-Glorious
Qur’an before reaching the age of puberty and then sought knowledge from the
scholars of Riyadh. When he excelled in his knowledge of the various branches
of the Shari`ah and the Arabic language, he was appointed to the
judiciary in 1357 A.H. He never stopped seeking knowledge; he was constantly
occupied with searching and teaching and his positions did not distract him
from this, so he became knowledgeable in many sciences. He gave special
attention to Hadith and its sciences to the extent that his ranking of a
Hadith as sound or weak was taken into consideration – and only a few
attain such a position, particularly at the present time. This was manifest in
his writings and Fatwas (legal opinions issued by a qualified Muslim
scholar), as he would only adopt opinions supported by evidence.
Ibn Baz acquired knowledge from many of
the great scholars, among them:
Muhammad ibn `Abdul-Latif ibn `Abdul-Rahman ibn Hasan ibn Shaykh Muhammad ibn
`Abdul-Wahhab, Judge of Riyadh
Salih ibn `Abdul-Aziz ibn `Abdul-Rahman ibn Hasan ibn Shaykh Muhammad ibn
Sa`d ibn Hamad ibn `Atiq, Judge of Riyadh
Hamad ibn Faris, (Vice Chancellor of the Treasury in Riyadh)
Eminence Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn `Abdul-Latif Al Al-Shaykh (who in his
time was the Grand Mufty of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia). Shaykh Ibn Baz
attended and adhered to his learning circles for approximately 10 years. Shaykh
Ibn Baz learnt all the branches of the Shari`ah from 1347 A.H. to 1357 A.H.
Sa`d Waqqas Al-Bukhary, one of the scholars of Makkah from whom Ibn Baz learned
the science of Tajwid (reciting the Qur'an following the rules of
recitation) in 1355 A.H.
Since the time Ibn Baz was
appointed as a judge in Al-Kharj in 1357 A.H., he gave regular lectures. In
Al-Kharj, his lectures were held every day of the week, except Thursday and
Friday. He influenced many students who were seeking knowledge, among them:
Rashid ibn Salih Al-Khanin
`Abdul-Rahman ibn Nasir Al-Barak
`Abdul-Latif ibn Shadid
`Abdullah ibn Hasan ibn Qa`ud
`Abdul-Rahman ibn Jalal
Salih ibn Halil, and many others.
In 1372 A.H., he moved to Riyadh to teach
at the Riyadh Educational Institute and then at the College of Shari`ah from
its inception in 1373 A.H. He taught the sciences of jurisprudence, Hadith,
and Tawhid (belief in the Oneness of Allah/monotheism). He was appointed
as Deputy Chairman of the Islamic University in Al-Madinah in 1381 A.H. He
established the learning circle at Al-Jami` Al-Kabir in Riyadh, which is still
held to the present day, though in the last few years it has become limited to
only some days of the week. During his stay in Al-Madinah from 1381 A.H. (as Vice
President of the Islamic University and as President
from 1390 A.H. until 1395 A.H.) he held a learning circle in the Prophet’s
Mosque. It should be noted that the learning circles he set up whenever he
moved to a place continue to be held to this day, for example in Al-Ta’if
during the summer days. Allah has caused many people to benefit from these
collection of various Fatwas and articles; three parts have been
published to date (until the time of publication) (1)
2. Al-Fawa’id Al-Jaliyyah Fi Al-Mabahith Al-Frdiyyah
3. Al-Tahqiq Wa Al-Idah Likathir Min Masa’il Al-Hajj wa
Al-`Umrah Wa Al-Ziyarah (Tawdih Al-Manasik)
4. Al-Tah-dhir min Al-Bida`. This book contains
four useful articles: Hukm Al-Ihtifal Bi Al-Mawlid Al-Nabawy, Laylat
Al-Isra’ Wa Al-Mi`raj, Laylat Al-Nisf Min Sha`ban, and Takdhib
Al-Ru’ya Al-Maz`umah Min Khadim Al-Hujrah Al-Nabawiyyah Al-Musamma: Al-Shaykh Ahmad
5. Risalatan Mujazatan Fi Al-Zakah Wa Al-Siyam
6. Al-`Aqidah Al-Sahihah Wama Yudaddaha
7. Wujub Al-`Amal Bi Sunnah Al-Rasul (Salla Allahu `Alayhi Wa
Sallam) Wa Kufr Man Ankaraha
8. Al-Da`wah Ila Allah Wa Akhlaq Al-Du`ah.
9. Wujub Tahkim Shar` Allah Wa Nabdh Ma Khalafahu
Al-Sufur Wa Al-Hijab Wa Nikah Al-Shighar
Al-Mufid Fi Hukm Al-Taswir
Muhammad ibn `Abdul-Wahhab, Da`watuhu Wa Siratuhu.
Rasa’il Fi Al-Salah:
a) Kayfiyyat Salat Al-Naby (Salla Allahu
`Alayhi Wa Sallam)
b) Wujub Ada’ Al-Salah Fi Jama`ah.
c) Ayna Yada` Al-Musali Yadayhi Hina Al-Raf` Min Al-Ruku`
Al-Islam Fiman Ta`ana Fi Al-Qur’an Aw Fi Rasul Allah (Salla
Allahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam)
Mufidah `Ala Fat-h Al-Bari (He reached to the Book of Hajj)
Al-Adillah Al-Naqliyyah Wa Al-Hissiyah `Ala Jarayn Al-Shams Wa Sukun Al-Ard Wa
Imkan Al-Su`ud Ila Al-Kawakib
Al-Barahin `Ala Hukm Man Istaghatha Bi Ghayr Allah Aw Saddaqa Al-Kahana Wa
Fi Sabil Allah
Al-Muhimmah Li `Ammat Al-Ummah
Tata`allaq` Bi Ahkam Al-Hajj Wa Al-`Umrah Wa Al-Ziyarah
Lizum Al-Sunnah Wa Al-Hadhar Min Al-Bi`ah
Al-Akhyar Bibayan Jumlah Nafi`ah Mima Warad Fi Al-Kitab Wa Al-Sunnah Al-Sahihah
Min Al-Ad`iyyah Wa Al-Adhkar
This is what was printed. The Shaykh has
comments on some books, such as:
1. Bulugh Al-Maram
2. Taqrib Al-Tah-dhib by Al-Hafizh ibn Hajar (not
3. Al-Tuhfah Al-Karimah Fi Bayan Kathir Min Al-Ahadith
Al-Mawdu`ah Wa Al-Saqimah
4. Tuhfat Ahl Al-`Ilm Wa Al-Iman Bi Mukhtarat Min Al-Ahadith
Al-Sahihah Wa Al-Hisan, and many other books.
Other Posts Occupied:
royal decree was issued appointing him as Chairman of the Departments of
Scholarly Research, Ifta', Da`wah, and Guidance, then as Grand Mufty of the
Kingdom and Chairman of the Council of Senior Scholars and the Departments of
Scholarly Research and Ifta’.
of the Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta'.
and member of the Constituting Council of the Muslim World League.
of the World Supreme Council for Mosques.
of the Islamic Fiqh Academy of the Muslim World League in Makkah.
of the High Council of the Islamic University in Al-Madinah.
of the High Authority
of the Islamic Call.
His activities were not limited to what
has been mentioned; he delivered lectures, attended scholarly seminars, and
commented on them. This is in addition to enjoining good and forbidding evil,
which became one of his characteristics.
May Allah help us benefit from his
Shaykh Ibn Baz (may Allah be merciful to
him) died on
Thursday, 27 Muharram, 1420 A.H. when he was 89 years old. He spent his life
exerting his utmost efforts to seek good deeds, attain knowledge, call to
Allah, fight in Allah’s Cause, fulfill the needs of Muslims, and help them. May
Allah be merciful to him, forgive him, give him access to His Spacious
Paradise, lighten his grave, let him dwell with the pious, and gather us with
him in the abode of His Honor and Mercy.
So many people offered the Funeral Prayer
over him after the Friday Prayer, which gives evidence to the fact of how much
he was loved.