Eminence Shaykh `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan
His Eminence Shaykh `Abdullah ibn
`Abdul-Rahman ibn `Abdul-Razzaq Al-Ghudayyan Al-Tamimi
He descended from Al-Muhaddith from Banu
Al-`Anbar from Banu `Amr ibn Tamim. His lineage originates from `Amud Tabkhah
ibn Ilias ibn Madar from the family of Adnan. His lineage on his mother’s side
goes back to Al-Rashid from `Utaybah, which descends from Hawazen.
He was born in 1345 A.H. in the city of
As a young boy, he studied the basics of
reading and writing under `Abdullah ibn `Abdul-`Aziz Al-Suhaymy, `Abdullah ibn
`Abdul-Rahman Al-Ghayth, and Falih Al-Rumy. He also studied the basics of Fiqh
(Islamic jurisprudence), Tawhid (belief in the Oneness of
Allah/monotheism), grammar, and inheritance under Hamdan ibn Ahmad Al-Batil. He
traveled to Riyadh in 1363 A.H., and in 1366 A.H. he enrolled in Al-Madrasah
Al-Su`udiyyah Al-Ibtida’iyyah (previously known as Madrasatul-Aytam) and
graduated from there in 1368 A.H.
He was appointed as a teacher at
Al-Madrasah Al-`Aziziyyah. In 1371 A.H. he enrolled in the Educational
Institute. During this period he studied under Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ibrahim Al
Al-Shaykh. He also studied Fiqh under
Shaykh Su`ud ibn Rashud (who was the judge of Riyadh), Tawhid (belief in
the Oneness of Allah/monotheism) under Shaykh Ibrahim ibn Sulayman, Arabic
grammar, and inheritance under Shaykh `Abdul-Latif ibn Ibrahim. He continued
his studies until he graduated from the Faculty of Shari`ah in 1376 A.H. He was
then appointed as Head of the Court of Al-Khubar, and in 1378 A.H. transferred
to teaching at the Educational Institute. In 1380 A.H. he was appointed as a
teacher at the Faculty of Shari`ah, and in 1386 A.H. he was transferred to
passing Fatwas (legal opinions issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) at
In 1391 A.H. he was appointed as a member
of both the Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ and the
Council of Senior Scholars.
A member of the Permanent Committee for
Scholarly Research and Ifta’ and member of the Council of Senior Scholars
His Date of Appointment:
18 Sha`ban, 1413 A.H.
B.A. in Shari`ah
He received knowledge under a number of
scholars in different fields, and from amongst the well-known (in addition to
those already mentioned) are:
Eminence Shaykh `Abdul-Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz, under whom he studied Fiqh.
`Abdullah Al-Khalify, under whom he also studied Fiqh.
`Abdul-`Aziz ibn Rashid, under whom he studied Fiqh, Tawhid, and inheritance.
Muhammad Al-Amin Al-Shanqity, under whom he studied Usul-ul-Fiqh
(principles of Islamic jurisprudence), sciences of Qur’an, and Tafsir
(explanation/exegesis of the meanings of the Qur'an).
`Abdul-Rahman Al-Afriqy, under whom he studied Mustalah Al-Hadith
(Hadith Terminology) and Hadith.
`Abdul-Fattah Qary Al-Bukhary, under whom he studied Qur’an in the recitation
of Hafs, to which the chain of transmission reaches the Messenger (peace be
In 1381 A.H. he was selected to be among
those chosen to raise people’s awareness and to issue Fatwas during the Hajj
In addition to what has already been
mentioned of his work, from 1389 A.H. to date he has been a teacher of Fiqh,
Usul-ul-Fiqh, Al-Qawa`id Al-Fiqhiyyah, Hadith, and Mustalah
Al-Hadith, Tafsir and its Sciences, and `Aqidah (creed). He
has also been teaching Fiqh in organized gatherings/lessons most days of
the week, according to his schedule of many duties, after Maghrib
(Sunset) Prayer and after `Isha’ (Night) Prayer. Sometimes he teaches
after Fajr (Dawn) Prayer and after `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer.
In addition to his work with the Permanent
Committee, in 1395 A.H. he began giving lessons to students of knowledge in
higher studies at the University of Imam Muhammad and the Faculty of Shari`ah
in Fiqh, Usul-ul-Fiqh,
and rules of Fiqh. He was also involved in supervising a number of
theses. During this period, many students studied under him.
When Shaykh `Abdullah ibn Humayd died in
1402 A.H., Shaykh `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan overtook the role of giving Fatwas
on the radio program Nur `Ala Al-Darb.